Listing concepts that match "age 45 59 years"

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age 45-59 years
age 45-59 years is very common, occurring 1 in 4 users.
age 15-29 years
age 15-29 years is very common, occurring 1 in 5 users.
age 1-4 years
age 1-4 years is very common, occurring 1 in 16 users.
age 30-44 years
age 30-44 years is very common, occurring 1 in 5 users.
age 5-14 years
age 5-14 years is very common, occurring 1 in 11 users.
age 60-74 years
age 60-74 years is very common, occurring 1 in 6 users.
age 75+ years
age 75+ years is very common, occurring 1 in 10 users.
age < 1 years
age < 1 years is very common, occurring 1 in 30 users.
Year
Year is very common, occurring 1 in 9 users.
Years
Years is very common, occurring 1 in 12 users.
Early or late onset of menopause
A complete stop to menstruation (i.e. "the period") for an entire year occurring before age 40 or having not occurred by age 60
Asthma
A chronic disease with recurring episodes of wheezing and difficulty breathing. Some patients have chronic cough as their only symptom. It is common among children, but also present in adults. Onset of the illness is usually before 50 years of age.
Teething syndrome
Also known as "teething," this is a normal process occurring in infants when their teeth come out, breaking or cutting through their gums. This typically occurs between six months to 3 years of age, and may be the cause of crankiness, irritability, and many other symptoms in infants.
Edward syndrome
A genetic disorder, present from birth, characterized by heart defects, physical deformities, intellectual disability, and many other problems. It is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 18. It is associated with advanced maternal age at time of pregnancy. Only 3% of cases result in live birth, and those rarely survive beyond the first year of life.
Chickenpox Vaccine (Shingles Vaccine)
Brand names: Varicella Vaccine, Varicella Virus Vaccine Live, and Varivax
A live, attenuated varicella virus vaccine used for immunization against chickenpox. It is recommended for children between the ages of 12 months and 13 years.
Wrinkles on skin
Any recent increase in skin wrinkling that is not due to aging (i.e. not wrinkling that slowly occurs over years)
Hemangioma
A non-dangerous tumor of the inner lining of blood vessels, most commonly on the skin or in the liver. They often occur in infancy, but typically resolve by age 5. They also commonly occur with advancing age.
Hyperopia
Commonly known as "farsightedness," this is a defect in vision in which it is difficult to focus on nearby objects (e.g. when reading). Though often caused by weakening muscles in the eyeball with advancing age, it can occur for a variety of other reasons in any age group.
Presbyacusis
Loss of hearing that is a normal part of aging. It usually affects ability to hear high-pitched sounds more than low-pitched sounds. There are numerous causes, including degeneration of the blood vessels, nerves, and other structures in the ear.
Chickenpox
A highly contagious disease caused by the virus varicella zoster. Though symptoms tend to resolve on their own, the virus remains dormant in the body's nerves. It may become re-activated as shingles in older age. There is now a readily available vaccine for chickenpox.
Down syndrome
A genetic disorder, present from birth, characterized by slow growth, mild to moderate intellectual disability, and characteristic facial features. It is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 21. It is associated with advanced maternal age at time of pregnancy.
Ectropion
A condition in which the lower eyelid turns outwards. It can occur with certain congenital disorders, aging due to weakening of the lower eyelid tissues, certain anti-cancer therapies, and other causes.
Floaters
Small deposits that float inside of the eye, common with aging, leading to the perception of bright squiggly lines in the visual field. They are typically not dangerous.
Gynecomastia
The development of breast tissue in men. It is not dangerous and commonly occurs during puberty (usually resolving with age). More than a quarter of men over 50 have gynecomastia. However, It can also be a side effect of certain medications or a sign of other disorders such as liver failure.
Shingles (herpes zoster)
A painful skin rash that follows a particular distribution on the skin (referred to as dermatomes) based on the location of the nerves of the skin. The rash usually does not cross from the right to the left side of the body. This condition arises from the same virus that causes chickenpox being re-activated many years later (often in the elderly).
Huntington disease
A genetic disorder that runs in families, leading to slow damage to parts of the brain which results in abnormal muscle coordination, psychiatric problems, and reduced mental capabilities. Symptoms usually begin between age 35 and 44.
Impetigo
A contagious bacterial infection of the skin, commonly occurring in school-age children and adults who spend time in close contacts (e.g. sports teams, military). It is treated with antibiotics.
Flu
A common virus that causes infection of the nose and throat. The virus mutates, leading to new strains every year. Occasionally it can "jump" species, leading to recent outbreaks of avian or swine flu. Influenza can be deadly in some populations, such as the elderly or young children. A vaccine is available.
Stenosis of the tear duct
A blockage of the tear duct, the structure from which excess tears are move from the eye to the cavity of the nose. When it is blocked, tears can no longer drain, leading to watery and irritated eyes. Many infants are born with a blockage that will eventually clear. In adults, it can be due to age-related changes, infections or inflammation, injuries, and certain medications.
Muscular dystrophy
A group of muscle diseases marked by weakening of the muscles and difficulty with movement. Most forms are genetic and run in families, with symptoms presenting at an early age. There is no known cure, but a variety of therapies can improve quality of life.
Otitis externa (swimmer's ear)
Inflammation of the ear canal outside of the ear drum. It is most commonly due to bacteria. It affects all age groups, however children are most commonly affected. A moist ear canal facilitates bacterial growth (hence the name, "swimmer's ear").
Polymyalgia rheumatica
An inflammatory disorder leading to muscle pain and stiffness, primarily of the shoulders and hips. It most often occurs after the age of 60. The exact cause is unknown.
Premature atrial contractions (PACs)
A cardiac rhythm abnormality marked by premature heartbeats originating from the upper chambers of the heart. The exact cause is not known, but they are common among people of all ages, with or without heart disease. Without symptoms, this typically does not require treatment.
Presbyopia
A condition in which the eyes are no longer able to focus on nearby objects. Often first noticed when reading print in low light, this condition is common with aging, and is thought to be due to stiffening of the lens within the eye.
Onychomycosis
A fungal infection of the nail. It occurs more commonly with diabetes or advanced age due to decreased blood supply to the area. These can be difficult to treat.
Tourette syndrome
A neruological disorder characterized by tics (sudden, repetitive, stereotyped, involuntary movements or vocalizations). Symptoms typically begin in childhood, worsen during teenage years, and decrease in adulthood. It is known to run in families, but the exact cause is not known.
Varicose veins
A condition in which veins become enlarged, twisted, and more visible. They are most commonly seen in the legs with age and are typically not dangerous, though they can be painful.
Premature ovarian failure
A condition in which normal function of the ovaries, the organs containing eggs in females, is lost before the age of 40. This commonly leads to low levels of the hormone estrogen and often infertility. It may be due to genetic abnormalities, chemotherapy or radiation therapy, auto-immune diseases, or unknown factors.
Patau syndrome
A genetic disorder, present from birth, characterized by heart defects, physical deformities, intellectual disability, extra fingers, and many other problems. It is caused by an extra copy of chromosome 13. It is associated with advanced maternal age at time of pregnancy.
Degenerative disc disease
A shrinking of the cushioning discs between the bones of the spine. Although a normal part of aging, disc degeneration may lead to bone pain or compression of nerves, leading to pain, numbness, or weakness.
Brachial neuritis
Inflammation of a network of nerves in the shoulder and arm. Also known as Parsonage-Turner syndrome, the cause of this illness is unknown and it can lead to muscle weakness and paralysis in the arm. However, most cases get better within 1-2 years.
Rotator cuff injury
Any irritation or damage to the muscles or tendons of the rotator cuff. The rotator cuff is a group of muscles that connect the upper arm to the shoulder blade. This can occur due to a specific injury (e.g. throwing a ball too hard) or over time with age.
Benign kidney cyst
A non-cancerous, round, thin-walled, fluid-filled pocket in the kidney. These usually do not cause any harm. The exact cause is not known, though by age 50 nearly half of people have at least one. They are often monitored to see if they cause any problems.
Chronic kidney disease
A progressive loss, over months to years, of the kidneys' ability to filter blood and produce urine. The most common causes are persistent high blood pressure and uncontrolled diabetes.
Dementia
A loss of cognitive ability (e.g. attention, planning, abstract thought, memory, etc.) that is beyond what is expected with normal aging. Causes include Alzheimer's disease, vascular dementia (from multiple small strokes), and lewy body dementia (closely associated with Parkinson's disease).
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
A form of arthritis, or inflammation of the joints, that occurs in children under the age of 16. The exact cause is unknown, but it is thought to be due to the body's own immune system attacking the joints. Symptoms may range from a few months to lifelong, and may lead to serious consequences, including stunted growth and eye inflammation.
Kidney disease due to longstanding hypertension
A gradual loss over years of the kidneys' ability to filter blood and produce urine. It is typically caused by persistently high blood pressures. High blood pressures damages kidneys by damaging the blood vessels that feed them.
Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)
A developmental disorder in children, characterized by impaired ability to focus on tasks, impulsivity, and having above-average energy. It typically begins before age 7, but diagnosis may be delayed and is at times not made until adulthood.
Diverticulosis
An out-pouching of the inner layer of the colon through a weakness in the outer muscular layer of the colon. Risk factors include older age, low fiber diet, and chronic constipation.
Hydrocele of the testicle
A typically harmless, fluid-filled sac that forms around the testicle causing swelling of the scrotum (the loose bag of skin holding the testicles). They are common in newborns, and typically disappear by the age of one. In adults, they are formed due to inflammation or injury, and may be a sign of other diseases.

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