Also known as Hematemesis
Hematemesis or haematemesis is the vomiting of blood. The source is generally the upper gastrointestinal tract. Patients can easily confuse it with hemoptysis (coughing up blood), although the latter is more common.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of vomiting blood are gastrointestinal hemorrhage, gastritis, and gastroduodenal ulcer. Other possible causes, such as hyperemesis gravidarum, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with vomiting blood, 68% report having sharp abdominal pain, 47% report having nausea, and 29% report having diarrhea.
Patients with vomiting blood often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, radiographic imaging procedure and urinalysis .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vomiting blood include pantoprazole, famotidine, prochlorperazine (compro), sucralfate (carafate), atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, octreotide, droperidol, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), tetracycline, cefoxitin, barium sulfate, bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol) and hypromellose (genteal) .
|Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate)||$57|
|Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto-Bismol)||$6|