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Vaginal dryness

Also known as Dry Vagina

Vaginal lubrication is a lubricating fluid that is naturally produced in a woman's vagina. Vaginal lubrication or moistness is always present, but production increases significantly during sexual arousal in anticipation of sexual intercourse. Vaginal dryness is the condition in which this lubrication is insufficient, and sometimes artificial lubricants are used to augment it. Without sufficient lubrication, sexual intercourse can be painful to the woman. The vagina has no glands, and therefore must rely on other methods of lubrication. Plasma seepage from vaginal walls due to vascular engorgement is considered to be the chief lubrication source, and the Bartholin's glands, located slightly below and to the left and right of the introitus (opening of the vagina), also secrete mucus to augment vaginal-wall secretions.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of vaginal dryness are atrophic vaginitis, menopause, and vaginal yeast infection. Other possible causes, such as hypothyroidism, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with vaginal dryness often receive pelvis exam, radiographic imaging procedure, examination of breast, mammography, rectal examination, pap smear, ultrasonography and bone density scan .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vaginal dryness include estrogens, conjugated (usp) (premarin), estradiol, fexofenadine (allegra), hydrochlorothiazide / triamterene, dienestrol topical, terconazole topical, calcium citrate, betamethasone-clotrimazole topical, anastrozole (arimidex), tamoxifen, bumetanide, bimatoprost ophthalmic and raloxifene (evista) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for vaginal dryness include race/ethnicity = other, age 60-74 years, sex == female and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, sex == male, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, age 15-29 years, and age < 1 years almost never get vaginal dryness.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.0x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
2.5x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
0.5x

Sex

Male
0.0x
Female
1.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.4x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.1x
Other
1.9x
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