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Swollen tongue

Also known as Glossitis

Macroglossia is the medical term for an unusually large tongue. Severe enlargement of the tongue can cause cosmetic and functional difficulties including in speaking, eating, swallowing and sleeping. Macroglossia is uncommon, and usually occurs in children. There are many causes. Treatment is dependent upon the exact cause.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of swollen tongue are allergy, drug reaction, and oral mucosal lesion. Other possible causes, such as food allergy, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with swollen tongue often receive intravenous fluid replacement, electrolytes panel, kidney function tests, cardiac enzymes measurement, cardiac monitoring, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), nebulizer therapy and biopsy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with swollen tongue include diphenhydramine (benadryl), methylprednisolone (medrol), famotidine, epinephrine, dexamethasone topical product, nystatin topical product, amlexanox topical, etomidate, acebutolol, bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol), pentosan polysulphate sodium (elmiron), hydrochlorothiazide / olmesartan and cimetidine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for swollen tongue include . On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get swollen tongue.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
1.0x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
0.8x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.4x
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