Also known as Inflammed tonsils
Your tonsils and adenoids are part of your lymphatic system. Your tonsils are in the back of your throat and your adenoids are higher up, behind your nose. They help protect you from infection by trapping germs coming in through your mouth and nose. Sometimes your tonsils and adenoids become infected themselves. Tonsillitis makes your tonsils sore and swollen. Enlarged adenoids can be sore, make it hard to breathe and cause ear problems.
The first treatment for infected tonsils and adenoids is antibiotics. If you have frequent infections or trouble breathing, you may need surgery. Surgery to remove the tonsils is tonsillectomy. Surgery to remove adenoids is adenoidectomy.Source: MedlinePlus
The most common causes of swollen or red tonsils are tonsillar hypertrophy, common cold, and tonsillitis. Other possible causes, such as seasonal allergies (hay fever), are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with swollen or red tonsils, 67% report having sore throat, 47% report having abnormal breathing sounds, and 34% report having fever.
Patients with swollen or red tonsils often receive excision, tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, influenzavirus antibody assay, tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy, other or therapeutic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx and diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx .
|Tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy||$1298|
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment||$64|
|Influenzavirus antibody assay|
|Tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy||$246|
|Other OR therapeutic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx||$1509|
|Diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx||$96|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with swollen or red tonsils include clarithromycin, ropivacaine, cefprozil, ofloxacin, gadoteridol (prohance), mivacurium, benzoyl peroxide-sulfur topical, cefditoren (spectracef), acetaminophen / chlorpheniramine / pseudoephedrine, dihydroergotamine, clavulanate (augmentin), retapamulin topical and desflurane .
Groups of people at highest risk for swollen or red tonsils include race/ethnicity = hispanic, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 75+ years almost never get swollen or red tonsils.