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Swollen lymph nodes

Also known as Lymphadenopathy, Swollen glands, and Enlargement Of Lymph Nodes

Lymphadenopathy is a term meaning "disease of the lymph nodes." It is, however, almost synonymously used with "swollen/enlarged lymph nodes". It could be due to infection, auto-immune disease, or malignancy.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of swollen lymph nodes are common cold, lymphadenitis, and strep throat. Other possible causes, such as seasonal allergies (hay fever), are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with swollen lymph nodes, 82% report having sore throat, 52% report having fever, and 38% report having ear pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with swollen lymph nodes often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), excision, biopsy, influenzavirus antibody assay, other or therapeutic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx, diagnostic procedures on ear, tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy and other or therapeutic nervous system procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with swollen lymph nodes include penicillin, cetirizine / pseudoephedrine, mesalamine (asacol), dextromethorphan / guaifenesin / phenylephrine, cefaclor (ceclor), abacavir / lamivudine, griseofulvin, fluphenazine (prolixin), acetaminophen / chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan, dirithromycin (dynabac), ammonium lactate topical, carbetapentane / chlorpheniramine / phenylephrine and trifluridine ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for swollen lymph nodes include age 15-29 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
1.3x
5-14 years
1.4x
15-29 years
1.8x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.2x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.6x
White
1.2x
Other
0.5x
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