Also known as Abdominal bloating, Stomach fullness, and Bloating
Bloating is any abnormal general swelling, or increase in diameter of the abdominal area. As a symptom, the patient feels a full and tight abdomen, which may cause abdominal pain, and sometimes accompanied by increased stomach growling or more seriously the total lack of it.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of stomach bloating are chronic constipation, gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), and gastritis. Other possible causes, such as anxiety, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with stomach bloating, 80% report having sharp abdominal pain, 45% report having nausea, and 43% report having constipation.
Patients with stomach bloating often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, urinalysis, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, plain x-ray and intravenous fluid replacement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with stomach bloating include polyethylene glycol 3350 (miralax), spironolactone, simethicone (degas), bisacodyl (the magic bullet), magnesium citrate, hyoscyamine (a-spas), psyllium, lactulose, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, barium sulfate, calcium citrate, methylcellulose (citrucel) and iohexol (omnipaque) .
|Polyethylene Glycol 3350 (Miralax)||$30|
|Bisacodyl (The Magic Bullet)||$5|
Groups of people at highest risk for stomach bloating include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.