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Stomach bloating

Also known as Abdominal bloating, Stomach fullness, and Bloating

Bloating is any abnormal general swelling, or increase in diameter of the abdominal area. As a symptom, the patient feels a full and tight abdomen, which may cause abdominal pain, and sometimes accompanied by increased stomach growling or more seriously the total lack of it.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of stomach bloating are chronic constipation, gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), and gastritis. Other possible causes, such as anxiety, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with stomach bloating often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, urinalysis, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, plain x-ray and intravenous fluid replacement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with stomach bloating include spironolactone, polyethylene glycol 3350 (miralax), simethicone (degas), magnesium citrate, bisacodyl (the magic bullet), hyoscyamine (a-spas), psyllium, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, lactulose, methylcellulose (citrucel), barium sulfate, iohexol (omnipaque) and sodium phosphate / sodium phosphate, monobasic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for stomach bloating include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
1.1x
Other
1.2x
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