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Spots or clouds in vision

Also known as Cloudy vision, Floaters, Spots in front of eyes, and Fuzzy vision

Floaters are deposits of various size, shape, consistency, refractive index, and motility within the eye’s vitreous humour, which is normally transparent. At a young age, the vitreous is transparent, but as one ages, imperfections gradually develop. The common type of floater, which is present in most people’s eyes, is due to degenerative changes of the vitreous humour. The perception of floaters is known as myodesopsia, or less commonly as myodaeopsia, myiodeopsia, myiodesopsia. They are also called Muscae volitantes (Latin: "flying flies"), or mouches volantes (from the French). Floaters are visible because of the shadows they cast on the retina or refraction of the light that passes through them, and can appear alone or together with several others in one’s visual field. They may appear as spots, threads, or fragments of cobwebs, which float slowly before the observer’s eyes. Since these objects exist within the eye itself, they are not optical illusions but are entoptic phenomena.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of spots or clouds in vision are cataract, vitreous degeneration, and macular degeneration. Other possible causes, such as myopia, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with spots or clouds in vision often receive ophthalmic examination and evaluation, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, lens and cataract procedures, cat scan of head, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, diagnostic procedures on eye, repair of retinal tear; detachment and other extraocular muscle and orbit therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with spots or clouds in vision include tropicamide ophthalmic, prednisolone ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), latanoprost, benoxinate-fluorescein ophthalmic, bimatoprost ophthalmic, brimonidine ophthalmic, cyclosporine ophthalmic, timolol, travoprost (travatan), cyclopentolate ophthalmic, ciprofloxacin ophthalmic and dexamethasone-tobramycin ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for spots or clouds in vision include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get spots or clouds in vision.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
2.6x
75+ years
2.2x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.0x
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