Sore throat

Also known as Throat hurts, Pain in throat, Throat Pain, and Throat Discomfort

A sore throat (or throat pain) is pain or irritation of the throat. A common physical symptom, it is usually caused by acute pharyngitis (inflammation of the throat), although it can also appear as a result of trauma, diphtheria, or other conditions. A sore throat may cause mild to extreme pain.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of sore throat are common cold, strep throat, and chronic sinusitis. Other possible causes, such as acute bronchitis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with sore throat, 73% report having cough, 71% report having fever, and 52% report having nasal congestion.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with sore throat often receive influenzavirus antibody assay, nebulizer therapy, tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy, tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy, diagnostic procedures on ear, other respiratory therapy, diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx and routine chest x-ray .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sore throat include penicillin, robitussin ac, brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, guaifenesin / pseudoephedrine, phenol topical, guaifenesin / phenylephrine / phenylpropanolamine, chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / phenylephrine, dextromethorphan / guaifenesin / phenylephrine, lincomycin, penicillin g benzathine (bicillin), chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, brompheniramine / phenylpropanolamine and chlorpheniramine / methscopolamine / pseudoephedrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for sore throat include age 5-14 years age 15-29 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
1.0x
5-14 years
3.1x
15-29 years
1.6x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
0.5x
60-74 years
0.3x
75+ years
0.2x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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