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Smoking problems

Also known as Smoking too much

There's no way around it. Smoking is bad for your health. Smoking harms nearly every organ of the body. Cigarette smoking causes 87 percent of lung cancer deaths. It is also responsible for many other cancers and health problems. These include lung disease, heart and blood vessel disease, stroke and cataracts. Women who smoke have a greater chance of certain pregnancy problems or having a baby die from sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). Your smoke is also bad for other people - they breathe in your smoke secondhand and can get many of the same problems as smokers do.

Quitting smoking can reduce your risk of these problems. The earlier you quit, the greater the health benefit.

NIH: National Cancer Institute

Source: MedlinePlus

What causes it?

The most common causes of smoking problems are smoking or tobacco addiction, high blood pressure, and depression. Other possible causes, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with smoking problems, 37% report having depression, 30% report having cough, and 28% report having abusing alcohol.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with smoking problems often receive lipid panel, psychotherapy, mental health counseling, depression screen, hemoglobin a1c measurement, prostate specific antigen measurement, echocardiography and mammography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with smoking problems include bupropion (wellbutrin), nicotine, varenicline (chantix), buprenorphine / naloxone, tadalafil (cialis), creatine, glipizide / metformin, aspirin / butalbital / caffeine / codeine, measles vaccine, emtricitabine, naratriptan (amerge), moexipril and halobetasol topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for smoking problems include race/ethnicity = other age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get smoking problems.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
2.0x
60-74 years
1.1x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.0x
Other
1.6x
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