Sleepiness

Also known as Can't stay awake, Drowsiness, Grogginess, and Somnolence

Somnolence (or "drowsiness") is a state of near-sleep, a strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods (cf. hypersomnia). It has two distinct meanings, referring both to the usual state preceding falling asleep, and the chronic condition referring to being in that state independent of a circadian rhythm. "Somnolence" is derived from the Latin "somnus" meaning "sleep."

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of sleepiness are obstructive sleep apnea (osa), obesity, and narcolepsy. Other possible causes, such as heart failure, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with sleepiness often receive other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram (eeg), echocardiography, toxicology screen, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment and tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sleepiness include modafinil (provigil), zaleplon (sonata), armodafinil (nuvigil), fenofibric acid (trilipix), entecavir (baraclude), flumazenil, olopatadine nasal, fluoxymesterone (halotestin), dipivefrin ophthalmic, demeclocycline, colchicine / probenecid, molindone (moban) and sodium oxybate (xyrem) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for sleepiness include age 45-59 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.4x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
0.9x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
0.7x
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