Also known as Can't stay awake, Drowsiness, Grogginess, and Somnolence
Somnolence (or "drowsiness") is a state of near-sleep, a strong desire for sleep, or sleeping for unusually long periods (cf. hypersomnia). It has two distinct meanings, referring both to the usual state preceding falling asleep, and the chronic condition referring to being in that state independent of a circadian rhythm. "Somnolence" is derived from the Latin "somnus" meaning "sleep."Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of sleepiness are obstructive sleep apnea (osa), obesity, and narcolepsy. Other possible causes, such as heart failure, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with sleepiness, 85% report having abnormal breathing sounds, 57% report having apnea, and 55% report having fatigue.
Patients with sleepiness often receive other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, electrocardiogram, electroencephalogram (eeg), echocardiography, toxicology screen, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment and tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy .
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea||$962|
|Electroencephalogram (EEG) (Eeg)||$117|
|Ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment||$64|
|Tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy||$1298|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sleepiness include modafinil (provigil), zaleplon (sonata), armodafinil (nuvigil), fenofibric acid (trilipix), flumazenil, olopatadine nasal, entecavir (baraclude), sodium oxybate (xyrem), sorbitol, tranylcypromine (parnate), clemastine (tavist), potassium bicarbonate and cevimeline (evoxac) .
|Fenofibric Acid (Trilipix)|
|Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem)||$2115|