Sharp abdominal pain

Also known as Stomach cramps, Gas pains, Intestinal colic, and Stomach pain

Cramps are neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening. Common causes of skeletal muscle cramps may include muscle fatigue, low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium.Smooth muscle cramps may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of sharp abdominal pain are urinary tract infection, chronic constipation, and noninfectious gastroenteritis. Other possible causes, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with sharp abdominal pain, 60% report having vomiting, 54% report having nausea, and 39% report having diarrhea.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with sharp abdominal pain often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis, radiographic imaging procedure, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sharp abdominal pain include dicyclomine, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, diatrizoate, magnesium citrate, hyoscyamine (a-spas), sodium phosphate / sodium phosphate, monobasic, iohexol (omnipaque), cefoxitin, lipase, amylases, cefotetan, magaldrate and aspirin / methocarbamol .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for sharp abdominal pain include age 15-29 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.9x
15-29 years
1.6x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
0.7x
75+ years
0.7x

Sex

Male
0.7x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
1.0x
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