Also known as Stomach cramps, Gas pains, Intestinal colic, and Stomach pain
Cramps are neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening. Common causes of skeletal muscle cramps may include muscle fatigue, low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium.Smooth muscle cramps may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of sharp abdominal pain are urinary tract infection, chronic constipation, and noninfectious gastroenteritis. Other possible causes, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with sharp abdominal pain, 60% report having vomiting, 54% report having nausea, and 39% report having diarrhea.
Patients with sharp abdominal pain often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, urinalysis, radiographic imaging procedure, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with sharp abdominal pain include dicyclomine, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, diatrizoate, magnesium citrate, hyoscyamine (a-spas), sodium phosphate / sodium phosphate, monobasic, iohexol (omnipaque), cefoxitin, lipase, amylases, cefotetan, magaldrate and aspirin / methocarbamol .
Groups of people at highest risk for sharp abdominal pain include age 15-29 years.