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Ringing in ear

Also known as Tinnitus

Tinnitus /ˈtɪnɪtəs/ or /tɪˈnaɪtəs/; from the Latin word tinnītus meaning "ringing" is the perception of sound within the human ear (ringing of the ears) when no actual sound is present. Despite the origin of the name, "ringing" is but one of many sounds the person may perceive.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of ringing in ear are tinnitus of unknown cause, sensorineural hearing loss, and otitis media. Other possible causes, such as seasonal allergies (hay fever), are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with ringing in ear, 70% report having dizziness, 58% report having diminished hearing, and 46% report having ear pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with ringing in ear often receive ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, magnetic resonance imaging, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other therapeutic ear procedures, psychological and psychiatric evaluation and therapy, other physical therapy and rehabilitation, upper gastrointestinal endoscopy; biopsy and diagnostic procedures on ear .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with ringing in ear include meclizine, azelastine nasal, triethanolamine polypeptide oleate otic, ginkgo biloba extract (ginkgo), iodoquinol, hydrochlorothiazide / reserpine, demeclocycline, sodium salicylate, aluminum sulfate-calcium acetate topical, carbamide peroxide topical, epinastine ophthalmic, amoxicillin/clarithromycin/lansoprazole and teriparatide (forteo) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for ringing in ear include age 60-74 years age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get ringing in ear.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.6x
60-74 years
1.7x
75+ years
1.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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