Retention of urine

Also known as Can't urinate, Can't pee, Urinary retention, Retention of urine, Bladder Retention, and Unable To Empty Bladder

Urinary retention, also known as ischuria, is a lack of ability to urinate. It is a common complication of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), though it can also be caused by:

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of retention of urine are urinary tract infection, benign prostatic hyperplasia (bph), and kidney stone. Other possible causes, such as temporary or benign blood in urine, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with retention of urine, 33% report having painful urination, 32% report having frequent urination, and 32% report having sharp abdominal pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with retention of urine often receive urinalysis, hematologic tests, insertion of catheter into urinary bladder, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, intravenous fluid replacement and prostate specific antigen measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with retention of urine include tamsulosin (flomax), phenazopyridine (azo), finasteride (propecia), dutasteride (avodart), doxazosin, terazosin, alfuzosin (uroxatral), magnesium citrate, silodosin (rapaflo), bethanechol, sulfamethoxazole (bactrim), clofazimine and methenamine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for retention of urine include age 75+ years, sex == male and age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
2.0x
75+ years
2.9x

Sex

Male
1.6x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.1x
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