Peripheral edema

Also known as Both ankles swelling and Both legs swelling

Peripheral edema is the swelling of tissues, usually in the lower limbs, due to the accumulation of fluids.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of peripheral edema are pyogenic skin infection, high blood pressure, and heart failure. Other possible causes, such as tooth disorder, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with peripheral edema, 43% report having shortness of breath, 32% report having facial pain, and 28% report having toothache.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with peripheral edema often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, electrocardiogram and cardiac enzymes measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with peripheral edema include bumetanide, metolazone, zinc oxide topical, ticlopidine, nicardipine, oxacillin, isocarboxazid (marplan), methyl salicylate topical, methyltestosterone (android), nilutamide, ethacrynic acid (ea), adefovir and antipyrine .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for peripheral edema include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.5x
5-14 years
0.6x
15-29 years
0.6x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
2.0x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.9x
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