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Pallor

Also known as Pale skin, Blanched, and Loss Of Color

Pallor is a reduced amount of oxyhaemoglobin in skin or mucous membrane, a pale color which can be caused by illness, emotional shock or stress, stimulant use, or anemia.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of pallor are hypovolemia, noninfectious gastroenteritis, and anemia. Other possible causes, such as autism, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pallor, 69% report having weakness, 63% report having vomiting, and 55% report having dizziness.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pallor often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement and plain x-ray .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pallor include plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), dobutamine, acetaminophen / chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, purified protein derivative of tuberculin (tubersol), cetuximab (erbitux), adenosine, dolasetron (anzemet), megestrol (megace), carboplatin, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), ampicillin, paclitaxel (taxol) and petrolatum topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pallor include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.3x
1-4 years
1.8x
5-14 years
2.3x
15-29 years
1.1x
30-44 years
0.3x
45-59 years
0.5x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.2x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.2x
Other
1.0x
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