Also known as Neck Stiffness, Neck Rigidity, and Stiff Neck
Meningism is the triad of nuchal rigidity (neck stiffness), photophobia (intolerance of bright light) and headache. It is a sign of irritation of the meninges, such as seen in meningitis, subarachnoid hemorrhages and various other diseases. "Meningismus" is the term used when the above listed symptoms are present without actual infection or inflammation; usually it is seen in concordance with other acute illnesses in the pediatric population. Related clinical signs include Kernig's sign and three signs all named Brudzinski's sign.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of neck stiffness or tightness are sprain or strain, spinal stenosis, and torticollis. Other possible causes, such as fibromyalgia, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with neck stiffness or tightness, 70% report having headache, 66% report having neck pain, and 44% report having fever.
Patients with neck stiffness or tightness often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, intravenous fluid replacement, x-ray computed tomography, cat scan of head and cardiac enzymes measurement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with neck stiffness or tightness include cyclobenzaprine, butorphanol (stadol), mezlocillin, sparfloxacin (zagam), demeclocycline, rimabotulinumtoxinb (myobloc), aspirin / caffeine / orphenadrine, thiopental (pentothal), erythromycin / sulfisoxazole, cefpodoxime, lincomycin, methyl salicylate-menthol topical and diclofenac topical product .