Nasal congestion

Also known as Excess mucus, Nasal obstruction, Stuffy nose, Blocked nose, Congested Nose, Nasal Stuffiness, and Nose Blocked

Nasal congestion is the blockage of the nasal passages usually due to membranes lining the nose becoming swollen from inflamed blood vessels. It is also known as nasal blockage, nasal obstruction, blocked nose, stuffy nose, or plugged nose.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of nasal congestion are common cold, chronic sinusitis, and otitis media. Other possible causes, such as acute bronchitis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with nasal congestion, 90% report having cough, 68% report having fever, and 55% report having sore throat.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with nasal congestion often receive other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), nebulizer therapy, influenzavirus antibody assay, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other respiratory therapy, other diagnostic procedures on skin and subcutaneous tissue, diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx and plastic procedures on nose .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with nasal congestion include guaifenesin (mucinex), cefdinir, pseudoephedrine (pcm-la), brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, guaifenesin / pseudoephedrine, codeine / promethazine, robitussin dm, carbinoxamine / pseudoephedrine, chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine, dextromethorphan (duramax), cefprozil, chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / phenylephrine and guaifenesin / phenylephrine / phenylpropanolamine .

Guaifenesin (Mucinex)
$13
(14 days)
Cefdinir
$37
(7 days)
Pseudoephedrine (Pcm-La)
$5
(14 days)
Robitussin Dm
$7
(7 days)
Dextromethorphan (Duramax)
$9
(7 days)
Cefprozil
$48
(7 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for nasal congestion include age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
4.7x
1-4 years
3.9x
5-14 years
1.6x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.5x
75+ years
0.3x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.0x
Other
1.2x
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