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Lymphedema

Lymphedema (lymphoedema in British English), also known as lymphatic obstruction, is a condition of localized fluid retention and tissue swelling caused by a compromised lymphatic system. The lymphatic system returns the interstitial fluid to the thoracic duct and then to the bloodstream, where it is recirculated back to the tissues. Tissues with lymphedema are at risk of infection.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of lymphedema are varicose veins, high blood pressure, and coronary atherosclerosis. Other possible causes, such as heart failure, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with lymphedema often receive electrocardiogram, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), electrolytes panel, kidney function tests, ultrasonography, wound care management, cardiac enzymes measurement and lipid panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lymphedema include azelaic acid topical, ampicillin, isopropyl alcohol topical, clocortolone topical, butoconazole topical, ropivacaine, ephedrine (kie), flumazenil, zinc oxide topical, vitamin k 1 (mephyton), colloidal oatmeal topical, fenofibric acid (trilipix) and benzoyl peroxide-erythromycin topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for lymphedema include age 60-74 years age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.7x
1-4 years
1.4x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.7x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.5x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
0.9x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.7x
White
1.2x
Other
1.3x
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