Also known as Right lower quadrant (RLQ) pain, Inguinal pain, and Left lower quadrant (LLQ) pain
Abdominal pain (or stomach ache) is a common symptom associated with transient disorders or serious disease. Diagnosing the cause of abdominal pain can be difficult, because many diseases can cause this symptom. Most frequently the cause is benign and/or self-limiting, but more serious causes may require urgent intervention.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of lower abdominal pain are urinary tract infection, vulvodynia, and ovarian cyst. Other possible causes, such as threatened pregnancy, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with lower abdominal pain, 49% report having nausea, 41% report having vomiting, and 41% report having pain during pregnancy.
Patients with lower abdominal pain often receive urinalysis, hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with lower abdominal pain include diatrizoate, cefoxitin, oxytocin, cefotetan, methylergonovine (methergine), inulin, desogestrel, tromethamine, procainamide, carmustine, betaxolol, dinoprostone topical and hyoscyamine / methenamine / methylene blue / phenyl salicylate .
Groups of people at highest risk for lower abdominal pain include age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get lower abdominal pain.