Low back pain

Also known as Lower back pain and Lumbar Pain

Low back pain or lumbago /lʌmˈbeɪɡoʊ/ is a common disorder involving the muscles and bones of the back. It affects about 40% of people at some point in their lives. Low back pain (often abbreviated as LBP) may be classified by duration as acute (pain lasting less than 6 weeks), sub-chronic (6 to 12 weeks), or chronic (more than 12 weeks). The condition may be further classified by the underlying cause as either mechanical, non-mechanical, or referred pain.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of low back pain are lumbago, chronic back pain, and sprain or strain. Other possible causes, such as spondylosis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with low back pain, 54% report having leg pain, 32% report having neck pain, and 26% report having hip pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with low back pain often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, urinalysis, x-ray computed tomography, physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, insertion of catheter or spinal stimulator and injection into spinal canal and standard pregnancy test .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with low back pain include cyclobenzaprine, methocarbamol, carisoprodol (soma), metaxalone (skelaxin), orphenadrine (flexon), iohexol (omnipaque), oxymorphone (opana), diclofenac topical product, rofecoxib (vioxx), mepivacaine (carbocaine), pentazocine (talwin), aspirin / carisoprodol and oxytetracycline/phenazopyridine/sulfamethizol .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for low back pain include age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get low back pain.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
1.0x
30-44 years
1.5x
45-59 years
1.5x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
0.7x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
0.9x
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