Leg pain

Also known as Lower Limb Pain

Sciatica (/saɪˈætɪkə/; sciatic neuritis, sciatic neuralgia, or lumbar radiculopathy) is a set of symptoms including pain caused by general compression or irritation of one of five spinal nerve roots of each sciatic nerve—or by compression or irritation of the left or right or both sciatic nerves. Symptoms include lower back pain, buttock pain, and pain, numbness or weakness in various parts of the leg and foot. Other symptoms include a "pins and needles" sensation, or tingling and difficulty moving or controlling the leg. Typically, symptoms only manifest on one side of the body. The pain may radiate below the knee, but does not always.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of leg pain are sprain or strain, chronic back pain, and lumbago. Other possible causes, such as osteoarthritis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with leg pain, 55% report having back pain, 54% report having low back pain, and 39% report having leg swelling.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with leg pain often receive radiographic imaging procedure, plain x-ray, magnetic resonance imaging, physical therapy exercises, prothrombin time assay, application of splint, insertion of catheter or spinal stimulator and injection into spinal canal and other therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with leg pain include salsalate, mepivacaine (carbocaine), imipenem, oxytetracycline/phenazopyridine/sulfamethizol, castor oil (purge), aspirin / caffeine / orphenadrine, inulin, alfentanil, brompheniramine / phenylephrine / phenylpropanolamine, lyme disease vaccine, quinacrine, fosinopril / hydrochlorothiazide and daunorubicin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for leg pain include . On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get leg pain.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
1.1x
45-59 years
1.5x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
1.3x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
0.7x
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