Also known as Leg Cramp, Cramps In Legs, and Leg Muscle Cramps
Cramps are neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening. Common causes of skeletal muscle cramps may include muscle fatigue, low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium.Smooth muscle cramps may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of leg cramps or spasms are muscle spasm, high blood pressure, and diabetes. Other possible causes, such as varicose veins, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with leg cramps or spasms, 57% report having leg pain, 26% report having arm cramps or spasms, and 21% report having fatigue.
Patients with leg cramps or spasms often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement, electrocardiogram and lipid panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with leg cramps or spasms include quinine, baclofen, tizanidine, leuprolide (lupron), interferon beta-1a (avonex), botulinum toxin type a (botox), bendroflumethiazide / nadolol, codeine / diphenhydramine / phenylephrine, insulin lispro-insulin lispro protamine, lanthanum carbonate (fosrenol), magnesium gluconate (almora), acarbose and quinidine .
|Interferon Beta-1A (Avonex)||$2711|
|Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox)|
|Insulin Lispro-Insulin Lispro Protamine|
|Lanthanum Carbonate (Fosrenol)||$684|
|Magnesium Gluconate (Almora)|
Groups of people at highest risk for leg cramps or spasms include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get leg cramps or spasms.