Also known as Scleral incterus, Yellow eyes, and Yellow skin
Jaundice (also known as icterus, from the Greek word ίκτερος; adjectival form, icteric) is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in the blood). This hyperbilirubinemia subsequently causes increased levels of bilirubin in the extracellular fluid. Concentration of bilirubin in blood plasma is normally below 1.2 mg/dL (<25µmol/L). A concentration higher than 2.5 mg/dL (>50µmol/L) leads to jaundice. The term jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of jaundice are neonatal jaundice, liver disease, and hepatitis due to a toxin. Other possible causes, such as hypovolemia, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with jaundice, 36% report having sharp abdominal pain, 21% report having infant feeding problem, and 15% report having decreased appetite.
Patients with jaundice often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), liver function tests, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement, electrolytes panel and prothrombin time assay .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with jaundice include ampicillin, adefovir, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), desflurane, ethanol (on guard), vitamin k 1 (mephyton), scopolamine, rocuronium, cefotaxime, pimecrolimus topical, dolasetron (anzemet), aprepitant (emend) and gemcitabine (gemzar) .
|Plasma Protein Fraction (Plasmanate)|
|Ethanol (On Guard)|
|Vitamin K 1 (Mephyton)||$44|
Groups of people at highest risk for jaundice include race/ethnicity = other, race/ethnicity = hispanic and age < 1 years.