Banner for leaf pages 2

Jaundice

Also known as Scleral incterus, Yellow eyes, and Yellow skin

Jaundice (also known as icterus, from the Greek word ίκτερος; adjectival form, icteric) is a yellowish pigmentation of the skin, the conjunctival membranes over the sclerae (whites of the eyes), and other mucous membranes caused by hyperbilirubinemia (increased levels of bilirubin in the blood). This hyperbilirubinemia subsequently causes increased levels of bilirubin in the extracellular fluid. Concentration of bilirubin in blood plasma is normally below 1.2 mg/dL (<25µmol/L). A concentration higher than 2.5 mg/dL (>50µmol/L) leads to jaundice. The term jaundice comes from the French word jaune, meaning yellow.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of jaundice are neonatal jaundice, liver disease, and hepatitis due to a toxin. Other possible causes, such as hypovolemia, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with jaundice often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, complete physical skin exam performed (ml), liver function tests, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement, electrolytes panel and prothrombin time assay .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with jaundice include ampicillin, adefovir, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), desflurane, ethanol (on guard), vitamin k 1 (mephyton), scopolamine, rocuronium, cefotaxime, pimecrolimus topical, dolasetron (anzemet), aprepitant (emend) and gemcitabine (gemzar) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for jaundice include race/ethnicity = other, race/ethnicity = hispanic and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
21.7x
1-4 years
0.4x
5-14 years
0.2x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.3x
45-59 years
0.3x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.5x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
1.6x
White
0.8x
Other
2.9x
Ajax-loader Loading...