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Involuntary urination

Also known as Urinary Incontinence, Bladder Incontinence, Loss Of Bladder Control, Weak Bladder, and Leaking Urine

Urinary incontinence (UI), involuntary urination, is any involuntary leakage of urine. It can be a common and distressing problem, which may have a profound impact on quality of life. Urinary incontinence almost always results from an underlying treatable medical condition but is under-reported to medical practitioners.Enuresis is often used to refer to urinary incontinence primarily in children, such as nocturnal enuresis (bed wetting)

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of involuntary urination are stress incontinence, urinary tract infection, and pelvic organ prolapse. Other possible causes, such as overflow incontinence, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with involuntary urination often receive urinalysis, pelvis exam, rectal examination, ultrasonography, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), examination of breast, prostate specific antigen measurement and endoscopy and endoscopic biopsy of the urinary tract .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with involuntary urination include tolterodine (detrol), oxybutynin, solifenacin (vesicare), estrogens, conjugated (usp) (premarin), darifenacin (enablex), imipramine, fesoterodine (toviaz), desmopressin, interferon beta-1a (avonex), trospium (sanctura), silodosin (rapaflo), estropipate (ogen) and bethanechol .

Tolterodine (Detrol)
$121
(28 days)
Oxybutynin
$37
(28 days)
Solifenacin (Vesicare)
$129
(28 days)
Estrogens, Conjugated (Usp) (Premarin)
$56
(28 days)
Darifenacin (Enablex)
$125
(28 days)
Imipramine
$29
(28 days)
Fesoterodine (Toviaz)
$119
(28 days)
Desmopressin
$128
(28 days)
Interferon Beta-1A (Avonex)
$2711
(28 days)
Trospium (Sanctura)
$121
(28 days)
Silodosin (Rapaflo)
$99
(28 days)
Estropipate (Ogen)
$7
(28 days)
Bethanechol
$67
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for involuntary urination include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get involuntary urination.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.7x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.9x
75+ years
2.3x

Sex

Male
0.6x
Female
1.3x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.2x
Other
0.9x
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