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Infertility

Also known as Can't get pregnant, Inability to conceive, and Sterility

Infertility is fundamentally the inability to conceive a baby. Infertility also refers to the state of a woman who is unable to carry a pregnancy to full term. There are many biological causes of infertility, including some that medical intervention can treat. Infertility has increased by 4 percent since the 1980s, mostly from problems with fecundity due to an increase in age. About 40 percent of the issues involved with infertility are due to the man, another 40 percent due to the woman, and 20 percent result from complications with both partners.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of infertility are female infertility of unknown cause, premature ovarian failure, and polycystic ovarian syndrome (pcos). Other possible causes, such as endometriosis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with infertility, 8% report having long menstrual periods, 6% report having unpredictable menstruation, and 2% report having scanty menstrual flow.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with infertility often receive radiographic imaging procedure, ultrasonography, pelvis exam, examination of breast, other non-or therapeutic procedures; female organs, standard pregnancy test, chlamydia test and microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with infertility include clomiphene (clomid), human chorionic gonadotropin (hcg), leuprolide (lupron), progesterone, letrozole (femara), menotropins (hmg), urofollitropin (bravelle), cefoxitin, potassium aminobenzoate (potaba), ganirelix, alpha 1-antitrypsin, arginine and ginseng preparation (ginsana) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for infertility include age 30-44 years sex == female. On the other hand, age 75+ years, age 60-74 years, age 5-14 years, age 1-4 years, and age < 1 years almost never get infertility.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.0x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
3.9x
45-59 years
0.1x
60-74 years
0.0x
75+ years
0.0x

Sex

Male
0.2x
Female
1.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.3x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.3x
Other
1.0x
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