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Hemoptysis

Also known as Hemoptysis, Coughing Up Blood, Blood Streaked Sputum, and Spitting Up Blood

Hemoptysis or haemoptysis /hɨˈmɒptɨsɪs/ is the expectoration (coughing up) of blood or of blood-stained sputum from the bronchi, larynx, trachea, or lungs (e.g., in tuberculosis or other respiratory infections or cardiovascular pathologies).

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of hemoptysis are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), pneumonia, and common cold. Other possible causes, such as chronic sinusitis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with hemoptysis, 52% report having cough, 45% report having shortness of breath, and 44% report having sore throat.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with hemoptysis often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, plain x-ray, complete blood count, kidney function tests, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel and intravenous fluid replacement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hemoptysis include benzonatate, robitussin ac, clarithromycin, robitussin dm, magnesium sulfate, voriconazole, chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine, codeine, megestrol (megace), ursodiol (urso), chlorpheniramine / methscopolamine / phenylpropanolamine, methamphetamine and aspirin / caffeine .

Benzonatate
$17
(14 days)
Robitussin Ac
$5
(7 days)
Clarithromycin
$37
(14 days)
Robitussin Dm
$7
(7 days)
Magnesium Sulfate
$13
(14 days)
Voriconazole
$2312
(28 days)
Codeine
$46
(21 days)
Megestrol (Megace)
$106
(28 days)
Ursodiol (Urso)

Methamphetamine
$639
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for hemoptysis include age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.5x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.0x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
1.5x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.1x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.0x
Other
1.1x
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