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Heartburn

Also known as Excessive belching, Dyspepsia, Indigestion, and Pyrosis

Heartburn, also known as pyrosis,cardialgia, or acid indigestion is a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone or in the epigastrium, the upper central abdomen. The pain often rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of heartburn are gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), high blood pressure, and gastritis. Other possible causes, such as anemia, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with heartburn often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement and cardiac enzymes measurement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with heartburn include esomeprazole (nexium), aluminum hydroxide / magnesium hydroxide, sucralfate (carafate), atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, rabeprazole (aciphex), dexlansoprazole (dexilant), trandolapril / verapamil, metocurine, chondroitin/glucosamine/methylsulfonylmethane, propantheline, codeine / iodinated glycerol, meclofenamate and anthralin topical .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for heartburn include .

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
1.4x
45-59 years
1.3x
60-74 years
1.2x
75+ years
1.1x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
1.0x
Other
1.2x
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