Also known as Dandruff, Scalp Dryness, and Dry Scalp
Dandruff is the shedding of dead skin cells from the scalp. Dandruff should not be confused with a simple dry scalp. As skin cells die a small amount of flaking is normal; about 487,000 cells/cm2 get released normally after detergent treatment. Some people, however, experience an unusually large amount of flaking either chronically or as a result of certain triggers, up to 800,000 cells/cm2, which can also be accompanied by redness and irritation.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of dry or flaky scalp are seborrheic dermatitis, fungal infection of the skin, and contact dermatitis. Other possible causes, such as seborrheic keratosis, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with dry or flaky scalp, 65% report having itchy scalp, 65% report having too little hair, and 57% report having skin dryness, peeling, scaliness, or roughness.
Patients with dry or flaky scalp often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), excision, excision of skin lesion, microscopic examination (bacterial smear; culture; toxicology), corneal transplant, procedures on spleen, removal of ectopic pregnancy and diagnostic endocrine procedures .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with dry or flaky scalp include ketoconazole, selenium sulfide topical, clobetasol topical, salicylic acid topical, minoxidil topical, griseofulvin, fluocinonide topical, betamethasone topical product, hepatitis a vaccine (obsolete), hydrocortisone topical, fluocinolone topical, influenza virus vaccine, h1n1, inactivated and human papillomavirus vaccine (hpv) .
|Selenium Sulfide Topical|
|Salicylic Acid Topical|
|Betamethasone Topical Product|
|Hepatitis A Vaccine (Obsolete)|
|Influenza Virus Vaccine, H1N1, Inactivated|
|Human Papillomavirus Vaccine (Hpv)|
Groups of people at highest risk for dry or flaky scalp include age 5-14 years race/ethnicity = black.