Drug abuse

Substance abuse, also known as drug abuse, is a patterned use of a substance (drug) in which the user consumes the substance in amounts or with methods neither approved nor supervised by medical professionals. Substance abuse/drug abuse is not limited to mood-altering or psycho-active drugs. If an activity is performed using the objects against the rules and policies of the matter (as in steroids for performance enhancement in sports), it is also called substance abuse. Therefore, mood-altering and psychoactive substances are not the only types of drugs abused. Using illicit drugs – narcotics, stimulants, depressants (sedatives), hallucinogens, cannabis, even glues and paints, are also considered to be classified as drug/substance abuse. Substance abuse often includes problems with impulse control and impulsive behaviour.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of drug abuse are alcohol abuse, drug abuse (cocaine), and drug abuse (opioids). Other possible causes, such as smoking or tobacco addiction, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with drug abuse, 73% report having abusing alcohol, 43% report having depression, and 42% report having depressive or psychotic symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with drug abuse often receive mental health counseling, psychotherapy, urinalysis, psychological and psychiatric evaluation and therapy, toxicology screen, blood alcohol, cardiac enzymes measurement and liver function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with drug abuse include quetiapine (seroquel), buprenorphine / naloxone, methadone, thiamine, naloxone (suboxone), chlordiazepoxide, naltrexone, oxazepam, buprenorphine (suboxone), perphenazine, fluoxetine / olanzapine, acamprosate (campral) and disulfiram (antabuse) .

Quetiapine (Seroquel)
$290
(28 days)
Methadone
$20
(28 days)
Thiamine
$3
(28 days)
Naloxone (Suboxone)
Under $1
(0 days)
Chlordiazepoxide
$8
(28 days)
Naltrexone
$95
(28 days)
Oxazepam
$29
(28 days)
Buprenorphine (Suboxone)
$326
(21 days)
Perphenazine
$55
(28 days)
Acamprosate (Campral)
$126
(28 days)
Disulfiram (Antabuse)
$109
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for drug abuse include age 30-44 years age 15-29 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get drug abuse.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.0x
5-14 years
0.1x
15-29 years
2.0x
30-44 years
1.8x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
0.2x
75+ years
0.1x

Sex

Male
1.5x
Female
0.6x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.4x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
0.9x
Other
0.8x
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