Dizziness

Also known as Sensation of falling, Vertigo, Lightheadedness, Room seems like it is spinning, Loss of sense of equilibrium or balance, and Dizzy

Dizziness is an impairment in spatial perception and stability. Because the term dizziness is imprecise, it can refer to vertigo, presyncope, disequilibrium, or a non-specific feeling such as giddiness or foolishness.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of dizziness are high blood pressure, hypovolemia, and labyrinthitis. Other possible causes, such as stroke, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with dizziness, 58% report having headache, 53% report having nausea, and 44% report having weakness.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with dizziness often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, electrocardiogram, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with dizziness include meclizine, esmolol, dobutamine, cyclizine, protamines (protamine), gadoteridol (prohance), magnesium lactate, mannitol / sorbitol, mitotane, monobenzone topical, formaldehyde topical, maprotiline and iopromide (ultravist) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for dizziness include age 75+ years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get dizziness.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.1x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.0x
45-59 years
1.2x
60-74 years
1.4x
75+ years
1.8x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.0x
Other
1.1x
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