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Diminished hearing

Also known as Deafness, Partial Hearing Loss, Loss Of Hearing, Impaired Hearing, Decreased Hearing, Reduced Hearing, Difficulty Hearing, Hard Of Hearing, and Hypoacusis

Deafness, hearing impairment, or hearing loss is a partial or total inability to hear. It is caused by many different factors, including but not limited to age, noise, illness, chemicals and physical trauma. There is a diagnosis to determine the severity of the hearing impairment, and it is measured in decibels. It may be ranked as mild, moderate, moderately severe, severe or profound. There are a number of measures that can be taken to prevent hearing loss, but in some cases it is impossible to reverse or prevent. Many new technological advancements have been made to improve the hearing of those who are hearing impaired. However, some of these technologies have caused controversy in the deaf community.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of diminished hearing are sensorineural hearing loss, ear wax impaction, and conductive hearing loss. Other possible causes, such as chronic sinusitis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with diminished hearing, 52% report having ear pain, 46% report having plugged feeling in ear, and 33% report having ringing in ear.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with diminished hearing often receive ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other therapeutic ear procedures, magnetic resonance imaging, excision, other therapeutic procedures, diagnostic procedures on nose; mouth and pharynx and tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with diminished hearing include carbamide peroxide otic, ofloxacin, triethanolamine polypeptide oleate otic, hydrogen peroxide topical, chlorpromazine (thorazine), mineral oil (stye), olopatadine nasal, ethanol (on guard), acetic acid topical, prednisolone-sodium sulfacetamide ophthalmic, bendroflumethiazide / nadolol, m-cresyl acetate otic and aluminum hydroxide / mineral oil .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for diminished hearing include race/ethnicity = other age 75+ years.

Age

< 1 years
0.3x
1-4 years
0.8x
5-14 years
1.5x
15-29 years
0.7x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
0.9x
60-74 years
1.3x
75+ years
2.1x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.9x
White
1.0x
Other
1.6x
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