Diarrhea

Also known as Loose stool and Watery Stool

Diarrhea or diarrhoea (from the Greek διάρροια, δια dia "through" + ρέω rheo "flow" meaning "flowing through") is the condition of having three or more loose or liquid bowel movements per day. The most common cause is gastroenteritis.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of diarrhea are noninfectious gastroenteritis, infectious gastroenteritis, and hypovolemia. Other possible causes, such as gastrointestinal hemorrhage, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with diarrhea, 88% report having vomiting, 68% report having nausea, and 64% report having sharp abdominal pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with diarrhea often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, urinalysis, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel and liver function tests .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with diarrhea include loperamide (imodium), atropine / diphenoxylate, dicyclomine, atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, hyoscyamine (a-spas), trimethobenzamide (tigan), bismuth subsalicylate (pepto-bismol), lactobacillus acidophilus (dofus), cholestyramine resin (questran), kaolin / pectin, lactobacillus acidophilus and bulgaricus, diphenoxylate (lomotil) and sodium citrate .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for diarrhea include age 1-4 years age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
3.2x
1-4 years
2.7x
5-14 years
0.9x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
0.7x
60-74 years
0.7x
75+ years
0.9x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.9x
Hispanic
1.2x
White
0.9x
Other
1.3x
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