Also known as Muscle Cramps
Cramps are neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening. Common causes of skeletal muscle cramps may include muscle fatigue, low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium.Smooth muscle cramps may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of cramps and spasms are threatened pregnancy, pregnancy, and urinary tract infection. Other possible causes, such as problem during pregnancy, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with cramps and spasms, 62% report having pain during pregnancy, 44% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 36% report having vomiting.
Patients with cramps and spasms often receive hematologic tests, urinalysis, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, standard pregnancy test, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement and pelvis exam .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cramps and spasms include botulinum toxin type a (botox), rho(d) immune globulin (rhogam), terbutaline, magnesium lactate, magnesium salicylate / phenyltoloxamine, fluoride topical, captopril / hydrochlorothiazide, boric acid topical, riluzole, l-methylfolate, sorbitol, cefotetan and milnacipran (savella) .
Groups of people at highest risk for cramps and spasms include age 15-29 years.