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Cramps and spasms

Also known as Muscle Cramps

Cramps are neural sensations caused by muscle contraction or overshortening. Common causes of skeletal muscle cramps may include muscle fatigue, low sodium, low potassium, and/or low magnesium.Smooth muscle cramps may be due to menstruation or gastroenteritis.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of cramps and spasms are threatened pregnancy, pregnancy, and urinary tract infection. Other possible causes, such as problem during pregnancy, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with cramps and spasms often receive hematologic tests, urinalysis, complete blood count, radiographic imaging procedure, standard pregnancy test, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement and pelvis exam .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with cramps and spasms include botulinum toxin type a (botox), rho(d) immune globulin (rhogam), terbutaline, magnesium lactate, magnesium salicylate / phenyltoloxamine, fluoride topical, captopril / hydrochlorothiazide, boric acid topical, riluzole, l-methylfolate, sorbitol, cefotetan and milnacipran (savella) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for cramps and spasms include age 15-29 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.2x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.3x
15-29 years
2.7x
30-44 years
1.2x
45-59 years
0.6x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
0.4x

Sex

Male
0.4x
Female
1.5x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.3x
Hispanic
1.0x
White
0.9x
Other
1.0x
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