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Congestion in chest

Also known as Lung congestion and Chest cold

Pulmonary edema (American English), or oedema (British English; both words from the Greek οἴδημα), is fluid accumulation in the air spaces and parenchyma of the lungs. It leads to impaired gas exchange and may cause respiratory failure. It is due to either failure of the left ventricle of the heart to adequately remove blood from the pulmonary circulation ("cardiogenic pulmonary edema"), or an injury to the lung parenchyma or vasculature of the lung ("noncardiogenic pulmonary edema"). Treatment is focused on three aspects: firstly improving respiratory function, secondly, treating the underlying cause, and thirdly avoiding further damage to the lung. Pulmonary edema, especially in the acute setting, can lead to respiratory distress, cardiac arrest due to hypoxia, and death.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of congestion in chest are common cold, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), and acute bronchitis. Other possible causes, such as otitis media, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with congestion in chest, 88% report having cough, 53% report having coryza, and 51% report having nasal congestion.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with congestion in chest often receive plain x-ray, nebulizer therapy, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), influenzavirus antibody assay, other respiratory therapy, other or therapeutic nervous system procedures, other therapeutic ear procedures and other diagnostic procedures of respiratory tract and mediastinum .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with congestion in chest include azithromycin, guaifenesin (mucinex), clarithromycin, benzonatate, robitussin ac, robitussin dm, codeine / promethazine, guaifenesin / pseudoephedrine, cefuroxime, brompheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, dextromethorphan / promethazine, chlorpheniramine / hydrocodone / phenylephrine and chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / phenylephrine .

Azithromycin
$25
(7 days)
Guaifenesin (Mucinex)
$13
(14 days)
Clarithromycin
$37
(14 days)
Benzonatate
$17
(14 days)
Robitussin Ac
$5
(7 days)
Robitussin Dm
$7
(7 days)
Cefuroxime
$14
(7 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for congestion in chest include .

Age

< 1 years
1.4x
1-4 years
1.2x
5-14 years
0.7x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
0.9x
75+ years
0.6x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
0.8x
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