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Breathing fast

Also known as Hyperventilation, Tachypnea, Rapid Breathing, Increased Respiratory Rate, and Tachypneic

Hyperventilation occurs when the rate and quantity of alveolar ventilation of carbon dioxide exceeds body's production of carbon dioxide.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of breathing fast are anxiety, panic disorder, and acute bronchiolitis. Other possible causes, such as urinary tract infection, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with breathing fast, 66% report having anxiety and nervousness, 54% report having shortness of breath, and 48% report having cough.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with breathing fast often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, plain x-ray, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, intravenous fluid replacement, kidney function tests and electrolytes panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with breathing fast include lorazepam, prednisolone, ethosuximide, tegaserod (zelnorm), chlorpheniramine / dextromethorphan / pseudoephedrine, calcium acetate, cimetidine, sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), ibandronate (boniva) and triamcinolone nasal product .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for breathing fast include race/ethnicity = other, race/ethnicity = hispanic and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
4.6x
1-4 years
0.9x
5-14 years
1.2x
15-29 years
1.3x
30-44 years
1.3x
45-59 years
0.3x
60-74 years
0.4x
75+ years
1.0x

Sex

Male
0.8x
Female
1.2x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
1.6x
White
0.8x
Other
2.0x
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