Blood in urine

Also known as Hematuria and Bleeding from urethra

In medicine, hematuria, or haematuria, is the presence of red blood cells (erythrocytes) in the urine. It may be idiopathic and/or benign, or it can be a sign that there is a kidney stone or a tumor in the urinary tract (kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, prostate, and urethra), ranging from trivial to lethal. If white blood cells are found in addition to red blood cells, then it is a signal of urinary tract infection.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of blood in urine are urinary tract infection, temporary or benign blood in urine, and kidney stone. Other possible causes, such as pyelonephritis, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with blood in urine, 48% report having painful urination, 40% report having side pain, and 39% report having sharp abdominal pain.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with blood in urine often receive urinalysis, hematologic tests, complete blood count, x-ray computed tomography, electrolytes panel, glucose measurement, kidney function tests and intravenous fluid replacement .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with blood in urine include ciprofloxacin, phenazopyridine (azo), nitrofurantoin, dutasteride (avodart), trimethoprim, pentosan polysulphate sodium (elmiron), potassium citrate, bcg, silodosin (rapaflo), goserelin (zoladex), mannitol / sorbitol, aspirin / caffeine / salicylamide and hepatitis b immune globulin .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for blood in urine include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.5x
15-29 years
0.9x
30-44 years
0.8x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.6x
75+ years
1.7x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.8x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.1x
Other
1.2x
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