Also known as Oral Hemorrhage, Bleeding From Mouth, and Oral Bleeding
Bleeding from the blood vessels of the mouth, which may occur as a result of injuries to the mouth, accidents in oral surgery, or diseases of the gums.Source: MeSH
The most common causes of bleeding in mouth are oral mucosal lesion, gum disease, and hypovolemia. Other possible causes, such as head and neck cancer, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with bleeding in mouth, 38% report having nosebleed, 32% report having cough, and 13% report having tongue bleeding.
Patients with bleeding in mouth often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, prothrombin time assay and x-ray computed tomography .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with bleeding in mouth include clindamycin, prednisolone, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), 6-aminocaproic acid (amicar), antihemophilic factor (obsolete), fosphenytoin, cortisone, desloratadine (clarinex), benzoyl peroxide topical, lactulose, sennosides, usp (perdiem), phenylephrine (duramax) and loperamide (imodium) .
|Plasma Protein Fraction (Plasmanate)|
|6-Aminocaproic Acid (Amicar)||$272|
|Antihemophilic Factor (Obsolete)|
|Benzoyl Peroxide Topical|
|Sennosides, Usp (Perdiem)||$9|
Groups of people at highest risk for bleeding in mouth include age 75+ years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.