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Bleeding in mouth

Also known as Oral Hemorrhage, Bleeding From Mouth, and Oral Bleeding

Bleeding from the blood vessels of the mouth, which may occur as a result of injuries to the mouth, accidents in oral surgery, or diseases of the gums.

Source: MeSH

What causes it?

The most common causes of bleeding in mouth are oral mucosal lesion, gum disease, and hypovolemia. Other possible causes, such as head and neck cancer, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with bleeding in mouth often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, intravenous fluid replacement, glucose measurement, kidney function tests, electrolytes panel, prothrombin time assay and x-ray computed tomography .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with bleeding in mouth include clindamycin, prednisolone, plasma protein fraction (plasmanate), 6-aminocaproic acid (amicar), antihemophilic factor (obsolete), fosphenytoin, cortisone, desloratadine (clarinex), benzoyl peroxide topical, lactulose, sennosides, usp (perdiem), phenylephrine (duramax) and loperamide (imodium) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for bleeding in mouth include age 75+ years, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years.

Age

< 1 years
2.3x
1-4 years
2.6x
5-14 years
1.3x
15-29 years
0.8x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
0.5x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
1.9x

Sex

Male
1.3x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.2x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.0x
Other
0.3x
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