Also known as Snoring sounds during sleep and Stops Breathing
Apnea, apnoea, or apnœa (Greek: ἄπνοια, from ἀ-, privative, πνέειν, to breathe), is a term for suspension of external breathing. During apnea there is no movement of the muscles of respiration and the volume of the lungs initially remains unchanged. Depending on the patency of the airways there may or may not be a flow of gas between the lungs and the environment; gas exchange within the lungs and cellular respiration is not affected.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of apnea are obstructive sleep apnea (osa), obesity, and tonsillar hypertrophy. Other possible causes, such as heart failure, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with apnea, 76% report having abnormal breathing sounds, 60% report having difficulty breathing, and 59% report having sleepiness.
Patients with apnea often receive other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, ultrasonography, echocardiography, electroencephalogram (eeg), ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, other therapeutic procedures and tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy .
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea||$962|
|Electroencephalogram (EEG) (Eeg)||$117|
|Ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment||$64|
|Other therapeutic procedures||$17|
|Tracheoscopy and laryngoscopy with biopsy||$246|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with apnea include pramipexole (mirapex), modafinil (provigil), zaleplon (sonata), caffeine, dexlansoprazole (dexilant), formoterol, intramuscular immunoglobulin (baygam), fenofibric acid (trilipix), prazosin, drospirenone-estradiol, aminosalicylic acid, tryptophan and calcium carbonate / famotidine / magnesium hydroxide .
|Intramuscular Immunoglobulin (Baygam)|
|Fenofibric Acid (Trilipix)|