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Abnormal movement of eyelid

Also known as Excessive blinking, Drooping eyelid, Involuntary squinting, and Twitching eyelid

Ptosis /ˈtoʊsɪs/ (from Greek Ptosis or πτῶσις, to "fall") is a drooping or falling of the upper or lower eyelid. The drooping may be worse after being awake longer, when the individual's muscles are tired. This condition is sometimes called "lazy eye", but that term normally refers to amblyopia. If severe enough and left untreated, the drooping eyelid can cause other conditions, such as amblyopia or astigmatism. This is why it is especially important for this disorder to be treated in children at a young age, before it can interfere with vision development.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of abnormal movement of eyelid are cataract, blepharospasm, and hyperopia. Other possible causes, such as dry eye of unknown cause, are more rare.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with abnormal movement of eyelid often receive magnetic resonance imaging, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment, ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures, injections and aspirations of muscles; tendons; bursa; joints and soft tissue, repair of retinal tear; detachment and electroencephalogram (eeg) .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with abnormal movement of eyelid include botulinum toxin type a (botox), brimonidine ophthalmic, tropicamide ophthalmic, pyridostigmine (mestinon), dexamethasone-tobramycin ophthalmic, tobramycin (tobi), timolol, epinephrine / lidocaine, acetylcholine ophthalmic, pergolide, hyaluronidase, magnesium salicylate (magan) and sodium chloride, hypertonic, ophthalmic .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for abnormal movement of eyelid include age 60-74 years age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.8x
1-4 years
1.3x
5-14 years
1.8x
15-29 years
0.2x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.8x
75+ years
1.4x

Sex

Male
1.0x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.6x
Hispanic
0.8x
White
1.2x
Other
1.3x
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