Also known as Breathlessness, Out of breath, Sensation of suffocation, and Dyspnea
Dyspnea (/dɪspˈniːə/ disp-NEE-ə; also dyspnoea; Latin: dyspnoea; Greek: δύσπνοια, dýspnoia), shortness of breath (SOB), or air hunger, is the subjective symptom of breathlessness.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of shortness of breath are chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (copd), asthma, and heart failure. Other possible causes, such as anxiety, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with shortness of breath, 66% report having sharp chest pain, 57% report having cough, and 29% report having wheezing.
Patients with shortness of breath often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, plain x-ray, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, glucose measurement and electrolytes panel .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with shortness of breath include ipratropium, combivent, oxygen, norepinephrine, regadenoson (lexiscan), eptifibatide (integrilin), piperacillin (zosyn), albumin human, usp (albutein), bee pollen, nesiritide, dobutamine, l-methylfolate and colistimethate .
Groups of people at highest risk for shortness of breath include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.