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Pulmonary hypertension

Also known as Pulmonary Hypertension Disorder

Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is an increase of blood pressure in the pulmonary artery, pulmonary vein, or pulmonary capillaries, together known as the lung vasculature, leading to shortness of breath, dizziness, fainting, leg swelling and other symptoms. Pulmonary hypertension can be a severe disease with a markedly decreased exercise tolerance and heart failure. It was first identified by Dr. Ernst von Romberg in 1891. According to the most recent classification, it can be one of five different types: arterial, venous, hypoxic, thromboembolic or miscellaneous.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with pulmonary hypertension, 68% report having shortness of breath, 39% report having difficulty breathing, and 33% report having fatigue.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with pulmonary hypertension often receive radiographic imaging procedure, hematologic tests, electrocardiogram, ultrasonography, echocardiography, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), cardiac enzymes measurement and lipid panel .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with pulmonary hypertension include furosemide, warfarin, carvedilol, sildenafil (viagra), spironolactone, digoxin, diltiazem, bosentan (tracleer), tiotropium (spiriva), bumetanide, hydralazine, nifedipine and oxygen .

Furosemide
$4
(28 days)
Warfarin
$12
(28 days)
Carvedilol
$16
(28 days)
Sildenafil (Viagra)
$538
(28 days)
Spironolactone
$11
(28 days)
Digoxin
$6
(28 days)
Diltiazem
$31
(28 days)
Bosentan (Tracleer)
$5485
(28 days)
Tiotropium (Spiriva)
$180
(28 days)
Bumetanide
$11
(28 days)
Hydralazine
$24
(28 days)
Nifedipine
$39
(28 days)
Oxygen

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for pulmonary hypertension include age 75+ years age 60-74 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.6x
1-4 years
0.3x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.1x
30-44 years
0.5x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
2.1x
75+ years
3.0x

Sex

Male
0.9x
Female
1.1x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
1.2x
Other
1.2x
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