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Polyuria

Also known as Large volume of urine, Peeing too much urine, and High Urine Output

Polyuria is a condition usually defined as excessive or abnormally large production or passage of urine (at least 2.5 or 3 L over 24 hours in adults). Frequent urination is sometimes included by definition, but is nonetheless usually an accompanying symptom. Increased production and passage of urine may also be termed diuresis.

Source: Wikipedia

What causes it?

The most common causes of polyuria are diabetes, high blood pressure, and urinary tract infection. Other possible causes, such as lipoma, are more rare.

What symptoms are related?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with polyuria, 81% report having thirst, 45% report having excessive urination at night, and 45% report having fatigue.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with polyuria often receive hematologic tests, urinalysis, glucose measurement, complete blood count, electrolytes panel, plain x-ray, hemoglobin a1c measurement and cardiac monitoring .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with polyuria include insulin, glyburide, sitagliptin (januvia), insulin, aspart, human (novolog), enalapril, ciclesonide nasal, dalteparin (fragmin), calcitriol, azathioprine, torsemide, darbepoetin alfa (aranesp), hydrochlorothiazide / valsartan and tacrolimus (prograf) .

Insulin

Glyburide
$12
(28 days)
Sitagliptin (Januvia)
$177
(28 days)
Insulin, Aspart, Human (Novolog)
$194
(28 days)
Enalapril
$7
(28 days)
Ciclesonide Nasal

Dalteparin (Fragmin)
$824
(14 days)
Calcitriol
$37
(28 days)
Azathioprine
$28
(28 days)
Torsemide
$23
(28 days)
Darbepoetin Alfa (Aranesp)
$1004
(21 days)
Tacrolimus (Prograf)
$376
(28 days)

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for polyuria include race/ethnicity = other, age 30-44 years and race/ethnicity = black.

Age

< 1 years
0.1x
1-4 years
0.6x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.4x
30-44 years
1.6x
45-59 years
1.4x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
1.2x

Sex

Male
1.2x
Female
0.8x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.5x
Hispanic
0.5x
White
0.8x
Other
2.8x
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