Also known as Terrifying Dreams
A nightmare is an unpleasant dream that can cause a strong emotional response from the mind, typically fear or horror, but also despair, anxiety and great sadness. The dream may contain situations of danger, discomfort, psychological or physical terror. Sufferers usually awaken in a state of distress and may be unable to return to sleep for a prolonged period of time.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of nightmares are depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (ptsd), and bipolar disorder. Other possible causes, such as primary insomnia, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with nightmares, 69% report having anxiety and nervousness, 66% report having depression, and 59% report having insomnia.
Patients with nightmares often receive psychotherapy, mental health counseling, depression screen, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea and toxicology screen .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with nightmares include clonazepam, fluoxetine (prozac), quetiapine (seroquel), trazodone, mometasone nasal product, lamotrigine (lamictal), lithium (li), divalproex sodium (depakote), mirtazapine, adderall, perphenazine, melatonin and carbidopa / levodopa .
Groups of people at highest risk for nightmares include . On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get nightmares.