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Myositis

Also known as Inflammatory Muscle Disease

Myositis is a general term for inflammation of the muscles. Many such conditions are considered likely to be caused by autoimmune conditions, rather than directly due to infection (although autoimmune conditions can be activated or exacerbated by infections.) It is also a documented side effect of the lipid-lowering drugs statins and fibrates.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with myositis, 42% report having leg pain, 40% report having knee pain, and 26% report having skin rash. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of myositis are muscle pain and leg weakness, although you may still have myositis without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with myositis often receive complete physical skin exam performed (ml), physical therapy exercises, wound care management, magnetic resonance imaging, bone density scan, occupational therapy assessment, traction; splints; and other wound care and examination of foot .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with myositis include methotrexate, folic acid, mycophenolate mofetil (cellcept), azathioprine, hydroxychloroquine (plaquenil), immunoglobulins, intravenous (gammagard), intramuscular immunoglobulin (baygam), cyclosporine, fluocinonide topical, desloratadine (clarinex), formaldehyde topical, imipenem and aspirin / carisoprodol .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for myositis include age 75+ years age 5-14 years.

Age

< 1 years
0.6x
1-4 years
0.8x
5-14 years
1.6x
15-29 years
0.5x
30-44 years
0.9x
45-59 years
1.1x
60-74 years
1.0x
75+ years
1.7x

Sex

Male
1.1x
Female
1.0x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
0.7x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.0x
Other
1.0x
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