Also known as Muscle Spasm
In medicine a spasm is a sudden, involuntary contraction of a muscle, a group of muscles, or a hollow organ such as a heart, or a similarly sudden contraction of an orifice. It most commonly refers to a muscle cramp which is often accompanied by a sudden burst of pain, but is usually harmless and ceases after a few minutes. There is a variety of other causes of involuntary muscle contractions, which may be more serious, depending on the cause.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms are muscle spasm, sprain or strain, and high blood pressure. Other possible causes, such as spinal stenosis, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms, 43% report having back pain, 37% report having headache, and 32% report having ache all over.
Patients with muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms often receive hematologic tests, kidney function tests, lipid panel, other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation), physical therapy exercises, magnetic resonance imaging, injections and aspirations of muscles; tendons; bursa; joints and soft tissue and depression screen .
|Hematologic tests (Blood test)|
|Kidney function tests (Kidney function test)|
|Other diagnostic procedures (interview; evaluation; consultation)||$101|
|Physical therapy exercises (Exercises)|
|Magnetic resonance imaging (Mri)||$297|
|Injections and aspirations of muscles; tendons; bursa; joints and soft tissue||$249|
|Depression screen (Depression screening)|
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms include diazepam (valium), carisoprodol (soma), botulinum toxin type a (botox), orphenadrine (flexon), metaxalone (skelaxin), methocarbamol, hydrocortisone, pyridoxine, hydrochlorothiazide / valsartan, epoetin alfa (procrit), nabumetone, tizanidine and rimabotulinumtoxinb (myobloc) .
|Botulinum Toxin Type A (Botox)|
|Epoetin Alfa (Procrit)||$804|
Groups of people at highest risk for muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms include age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age 1-4 years and age < 1 years almost never get muscle cramps, contractures, or spasms.