Also known as Insulin, Regular, Humulin R, and Novolin R
Insulin is a peptide hormone, produced by beta cells of the pancreas, and is central to regulating carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Insulin causes cells in the liver, skeletal muscles, and fat tissue to absorb glucose from the blood. In the liver and skeletal muscles, glucose is stored as glycogen, and in fat cells (adipocytes) it is stored as triglycerides.Source: Wikipedia
Patients are most commonly prescribed insulin to treat diabetes, gestational diabetes, diabetic ketoacidosis, and diabetic retinopathy.
Patients taking insulin most commonly experience side effects like hypoglycemia, cataract, and peripheral edema.