Also known as Excess K, Excess Potassium, Hyperpotassemia, Excessive Potassium In The Blood, and Potassium Overload
Hyperkalemia (hyperkalaemia in British English, hyper- high; kalium, potassium; -emia, "in the blood") refers to the condition in which the concentration of the electrolyte potassium (K+) in the blood is elevated. Extreme hyperkalemia is a medical emergency due to the risk of potentially fatal abnormal heart rhythms (arrhythmia).Source: Wikipedia
Within all the people who go to their doctor with hyperkalemia, 52% report having shortness of breath, 49% report having weakness, and 45% report having nausea. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of hyperkalemia are decreased heart rate, although you may still have hyperkalemia without those symptoms.
Patients with hyperkalemia often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, electrocardiogram, electrolytes panel, kidney function tests, radiographic imaging procedure, intravenous fluid replacement and glucose measurement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with hyperkalemia include sodium polystyrene sulfonate (kayexalate), insulin, sodium bicarbonate, atropine (uaa), epoetin alfa (procrit), magnesium sulfate, amlodipine / olmesartan, dopamine, calcium acetate, isosorbide mononitrate (ismo), calcitriol, hyoscyamine (a-spas) and sodium benzoate .
|Sodium Polystyrene Sulfonate (Kayexalate)||$57|
|Epoetin Alfa (Procrit)||$804|
|Isosorbide Mononitrate (Ismo)|
Groups of people at highest risk for hyperkalemia include age 75+ years age 60-74 years. On the other hand, age 5-14 years and age 1-4 years almost never get hyperkalemia.