Also known as Excessive belching, Dyspepsia, Indigestion, and Pyrosis
Heartburn, also known as pyrosis,cardialgia, or acid indigestion is a burning sensation in the chest, just behind the breastbone or in the epigastrium, the upper central abdomen. The pain often rises in the chest and may radiate to the neck, throat, or angle of the jaw.Source: Wikipedia
The most common causes of heartburn are gastroesophageal reflux disease (gerd), high blood pressure, and gastritis. Other possible causes, such as anemia, are more rare.
Within all the people who go to their doctor with heartburn, 48% report having sharp chest pain, 45% report having sharp abdominal pain, and 44% report having nausea.
Patients with heartburn often receive hematologic tests, complete blood count, glucose measurement, electrolytes panel, electrocardiogram, kidney function tests, intravenous fluid replacement and cardiac enzymes measurement .
The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with heartburn include esomeprazole (nexium), aluminum hydroxide / magnesium hydroxide, sucralfate (carafate), atropine / hyoscyamine / phenobarbital / scopolamine, rabeprazole (aciphex), dexlansoprazole (dexilant), trandolapril / verapamil, tolnaftate topical, pyrithione zinc topical, anthralin topical, propantheline, oxymorphone (opana) and naphazoline ophthalmic .