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Vitreous hemorrhage

Vitreous hemorrhage is the extravasation, or leakage, of blood into the areas in and around the vitreous humor of the eye. The vitreous humor is the clear gel that fills the space between the lens and the retina of the eye. A variety of conditions can result in blood leaking into the vitreous humor, which can cause impaired vision, floaters, and photopsia.

Source: Wikipedia

What are the symptoms?

Within all the people who go to their doctor with vitreous hemorrhage, 83% report having diminished vision, 72% report having spots or clouds in vision, and 40% report having blindness. The symptoms that are highly suggestive of vitreous hemorrhage are diminished vision, spots or clouds in vision, blindness, symptoms of eye, and bleeding from eye, although you may still have vitreous hemorrhage without those symptoms.


What might my doctor prescribe?

Common Tests and Procedures

Patients with vitreous hemorrhage often receive ophthalmic examination and evaluation, other therapeutic procedures on eyelids; conjunctiva; cornea, repair of retinal tear; detachment, other intraocular therapeutic procedures, excision, other extraocular muscle and orbit therapeutic procedures, ophthalmologic and otologic diagnosis and treatment and other therapeutic procedures .

Common Medications

The most commonly prescribed drugs for patients with vitreous hemorrhage include prednisolone ophthalmic, tropicamide ophthalmic, phenylephrine (duramax), brimonidine ophthalmic, moxifloxacin (avelox), bevacizumab (avastin), ranibizumab ophthalmic, gatifloxacin (zymar), benoxinate-fluorescein ophthalmic, homatropine ophthalmic, brimonidine-timolol ophthalmic, cyclopentolate ophthalmic and atropine (uaa) .

Who is at risk?

Groups of people at highest risk for vitreous hemorrhage include age 75+ years, age 60-74 years and age 45-59 years. On the other hand, age < 1 years almost never get vitreous hemorrhage.

Age

< 1 years
0.0x
1-4 years
0.2x
5-14 years
0.4x
15-29 years
0.3x
30-44 years
0.6x
45-59 years
1.7x
60-74 years
1.9x
75+ years
1.7x

Sex

Male
1.4x
Female
0.7x

Race/Ethnicity

Black
1.0x
Hispanic
1.1x
White
1.0x
Other
1.0x
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